Rohingya Crisis: UN adopts resolution for urgent solution

The United Nations has adopted a resolution stating that there should be an urgent solution to the Rohingya crisis to ensure safe and sustainable return of Rohingyas to their homes by creating a conducive environment inside Myanmar.

The resolution on “The situation of human rights of the Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar” called for specific actions on part of Myanmar, such as addressing the root causes of the Rohingya crisis, including granting them citizenship, and ensuring their safe and sustainable return to their homes.

“As a country that hosts over 1.1 million forcibly displaced Rohingyas, Bangladesh continues to seek a peaceful solution to this crisis, which lies in their safe and dignified return to Myanmar,” said Ambassador Rabab Fatima, Bangladesh permanent representative to the UN.

She thanked the international community for their unremitting support to the UN resolution.

This resolution, which was adopted on Wednesday, would reinforce the calls made by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina for an urgent solution to this crisis, the root of which lies entirely in Myanmar, said the Bangladesh mission in New York on Wednesday.

The resolution, co-tabled by OIC and European Union, received sponsorship from 104 member states, demonstrating strong and unified support in favour of the persecuted Rohingya Muslims and other minorities, who continue to suffer from human rights violations in Myanmar.

A total of 132 countries voted in favour of the resolution, while nine voted against and 31 abstained.

Apart from the EU and OIC member states, the resolution received significant cross-regional support, with co-sponsorship from the USA, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Switzerland etc.

Some key ASEAN countries like Indonesia and Malaysia also cosponsored the resolution.

This year, the resolution has taken some new developments into account, such as, provisional order of the International Court of Justice, initiation of an investigation by the International Criminal Court and the issue of continued disenfranchisement of the Rohingya and other minorities, who were barred from participating in the recent general election in Myanmar.

The resolution also expressed deep appreciation to the Bangladesh government, which under the leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has demonstrated exemplary humanitarian gesture by sheltering and protecting the Rohingyas.

The Bangladesh government’s efforts in tackling the spread of Covid-19 pandemic in the largest camp in the world was also recognised. The resolution called for the international community to support Bangladesh in its humanitarian endeavour.

The ambassador of Bangladesh expressed hope that the resolution would create renewed pressure on Myanmar to address the Rohingya crisis by engaging with Bangladesh and other international actors in a constructive manner.

“The ongoing justice mechanisms in respect of the human rights violations committed by Myanmar authorities will also enjoy greater support from the international community,” added Rabab Fatima.

Before the voting on the resolution, the permanent representative of Germany on behalf of EU and the permanent representative of Saudi Arabia on behalf of OIC made statements in support of the resolution.

They expressed hope that this resolution would help address the longstanding plights of the Rohingya Muslims and other minorities by ensuring their basic human rights to return to their homes in safety, security, and dignity, and would also help Myanmar overcome the challenges it faces in its democratic transition.

They called Myanmar to take urgent actions to address the citizenship issue of the Rohingya minorities.

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The UN resolution on Myanmar continues to remain an important source of international norms in guiding a desired solution to this long standing Rohingya crisis.